P-Ln (Lisboa) Biblioteca Nacional de Portugal Iluminado 084
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The manuscript consists of Proprium de Tempore (fols. 1–158r), Proprium Sanctorum (fols. 158r–215), Commune Sanctorum (fols. 216–244) and a final section with Kyriale and other chants (fol. 245 to the end).
The Proprium de Tempore starts with the Mass for the first Sunday of Advent and ends with the Mass for the 24th Sunday after the octave of Pentecost. The Proprium Sanctorum starts with the Vigil for Andrew and ends with the Mass for Catherine. Then, there is the Commune Sanctorum whose last Mass is for the Common of one Virgin, followed by a lacuna and the final section.
The style of foliation and the Mass for St Louis connect Iluminado 84 to a French milieu while the absence of custodes restricts the area of provenance to Northern France. The Alleluia verses and the sequences allow a secure identification of the origins of Iluminado 84 in Sens. Specifically, the examination of the sequences demonstrates that Iluminado 84 can be considered as the oldest surviving manuscript transmitting some of the earlier sequences for Sens fully notated.
The manuscript is made of two codicological units written respectively by scribe A (fols. 1-250) and scribe B (fols. 251-267). No interventions of Scribe A can be found on Scribe B’s final supplement, whereas Scribe B made several later changes/additions to Scribe A’s folios. The analysis of the liturgical feasts found in Scribe A and B’s sections confirms two phases in the creation of Iluminado 84.
Scribe A’s section does not contain any feast instituted after the middle of the thirteenth century; here the most ‘modern’ feast is the Reception of Crown of Thorns, instituted in the early 1240s. Scribe B’s section contains the most recent liturgical feasts of Iluminado 84. The section starts with the Corporis Christi (fols. 251r-255r), a feast instituted by Pope Urban IV in 1264 . Iluminado 84 provides also chants for the dominica infra octava and the octave (fols. 255r-258r). Besides, in this section we can read the Mass for St Louis, which is the most recently instituted liturgical feast of Iluminado 84. All these pieces of evidence hint that Scribe A copied from a model dated after 1240s (but not much later than 1264). Scribe B instead copied from a model dated after 1297 (the date of the institution of St Louis’s feast) and the supplement he created was probably supposed to integrate the contents of Iluminado 84 with some recently instituted liturgical feasts and their chants.
Nothing is known about the date and the reason why the manuscript was brought to Lisbon.
Occasionally custodes can be found but they are later additions.
Some later hand inscriptions tell us that the manuscript was in Joigny (near Sens) at the end of the 17th century.
The manuscript was written by two scribes A (fols. 1-250), and B (fols. 251-267).
Later interventions by B can be found on: 70r/9, 74v/9,10, 103r/9, 106v/9, 116r/4, 117r/1,2,9,10, 118v/9, 128v/1,6,8, 139v/2, 143v/9, 145r/9, 148v/9, 152r/2, 156v/1,4, 158r/4,5, 163r/1, 172v/9, 179v/6, 180v/3,8, 189v/1, 191v/7, 194v/9, 198v/1,2,3 6,9, 202r/3, 205r/3, 208r/1, 208v/6, 209v/1,2,3,4, 211v/4,5,9, 213r (bottom tetragram), 223v/9, 230r/1, 245v/9, 246av/9.
Other later hands text interventions can be seen on fols. 1r, 2v, 6r, 6v, 7r, 7v, 10v,12r, 14v,16v, 18v, 21r, 23v, 25v, 28r, 29r, 34v, 40v, 42v, 43v, 45r, 47v, 48r, 49r, 51rv, 55v, 57v, 59r, 60r, 62v, 63v, 64r, 65r, 66v, 70rv, 71r, 74v, 75r, 76r, 77v, 81v, 82r, 87r, 90rv, 93v, 95v, 96v, 97r, 99r, 103r, 105v, 117r, 119r, 122r, 141v, 145v, 146v, 152r, 154r, 158v, 159r, 167r, 183rv, 188v, 196r, 197r, 201r, 225v, 226r, 230v-231r, 234v, 240r, 243r, 244r, 245v, 246v, 247r, 248r, 249rv, 263v.
Elsa DE LUCA, “A Notated Graduale-Prosarium from Sens in Lisbon”, Revista Portuguesa de Musicologia, nº 4/2 (2017), pp. 227-246