P-VV (Vila Viçosa) Biblioteca do Palácio Real A.M. A-004

Siglum: 
P-VV A.M. A-004
Shelfmark: 
A.M. A-004
Source type: 
Subcategory of source: 
Category: 
Document type: 
Main place of use: 
Date: 
17th century
Type of script: 
Cursus: 
Contents: 
Antiphons (2+1 incomplete), Benedicamus Domino (2), Hymns (2), Improperia (1), Masses (3), Motets (3+2 incomplete), Passions (2+2 incomplete), Responsories (2), Versicles (2 incomplete) (=24)
Foliation/Pagination: 
This volume is composed by two books of different origin, each with its own numbering. A third foliation, written in the 20th century by Manuel Joaquim (Joaquim, Vinte livros, 1953, 107), starts in the front endpaper and goes through both books. Original foliation: 78 fols. = 1 non-numbered folio (with music, added in the 19th century) + 1 non-numbered folio (index) + 19 numbered folios (book I) + 55 numbered folios (book II) + 1 back endpaper. Missing: book II, fols. 24-28 (not considered in Joaquim’s foliation). PEM follows Joaquim's modern foliation.
Gathering: 
Original gathering structure of each book is obscured by their rebinding. Current structure is as follows: Book I: first gathering unclear; 8 gatherings of 2 folios each; last gathering of 3 folios. Book II: 3 gatherings of 6 folios; 1 gathering of 5 folios, 5 folios lacking after this; 1 gathering of 2 folios; 3 gatherings of 6 folios; last gatherings unclear.
Page layout: 
Choirbook format. 413 × 281 mm
Condition of document: 
Good. Paper shows some staining due to use, especially on the fore-edge and bottom margins. Most of the folios were patched and reinforced by paper strips glued on the more fragile spots. Two folios are severely mutilated, missing their fore-edge half, with consequent significant loss of content (fols. 4 and 45 of modern foliation). Binding in good condition, with slight wearing and staining.
Watermarks: 

• Lily inscribed in circle topped by crown, 85 × 40 mm (fols. 14, 25)
No matches found for this design.

On the later-added folios (endpapers, fol. 1, patching of fols. 45 and 74): watermark composed by a shield with a hunting trumpet, topped by a crowned with lilies and with ‘1808’ beneath, measuring 128 × 44 mm (early 19th century). The design is identical to the one found here: http://memoryofpaper.oeaw.ac.at/marcosmus/marcosmus.php?id=30

Bindings: 
Plain parchment binding. Fabric ties still in use.
Decoration: 
Cadel initials (in book II).
Inscriptions: 

Title page (fol. 2 of the modern foliation): ‘Hoc libro continentur fere / omnia, quae cantantur / a D[omi]nica in palmis / usque ad sabbathum / sanctum’ and, in later hand, the first line of an unfinished index: ‘Missas das D[oming]as e sextas f[ei]ras da / Quaresma e Asperges a fl. 1’

Remarks: 

This choirbook is made up of two books of different origin, each with independent foliation: book I (fols. 4-22 of the modern foliation) is comprised of music for Lent, mostly masses; book II (fols. 23-72), music for the Holy Week. Books copied by two separate hands in the 17th century. Book II’s hand is more conservative than Book I’s. A third, most likely contemporary hand added the two versicles on the last folio-verso of book II; musical annotation on same folio dates from the second half of the 18th century. Index on fol. 3, incomplete, written by an 18th-century hand. Pastedown and first folio added early 19th century (watermark with date ‘1808’).

Former shelfmark: MJ 10 (marked ‘Livro nº. 10’ on label inside front cover, fol. [0v])

References: 

JOAQUIM, Manuel, Vinte livros de música polifónica do Paço Ducal de Vila Viçosa (Lisbon: Fundação da Casa de Bragança, 1953) [= Joaquim, Vinte livros, 1953], pp. 107-116 (Livro n.º 10)

ALEGRIA, José Augusto, Biblioteca do Palácio Real de Vila Viçosa: Catálogo dos Fundos Musicais (Lisbon: Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian, 1973) [= Alegria, Catálogo, 1989], pp. 14-16 (A. Livros de música religiosa manuscrita, no. 4)

ALEGRIA, José Augusto, ed., Frei Manuel Cardoso (1566-1650), Livro de vários motetes, Portugaliae Musica, Série A, no 13 (Lisbon: Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian, 1968) [= PM 13]

NELSON, Bernadette, programme notes for Holy Week at the Chapel of the Dukes of Braganza, A Capella Portuguesa/Owen Rees, CD (Hyperion, CDA66867, 1996)

RYAN, Michael, "Music in the Chapel of the Dukes of Bragança, Vila Viçosa", PhD diss. (University of London, 2001)

Museu-Biblioteca da Casa de Bragança, Vila Viçosa, Catálogo do Arquivo Musical (pdf), Secção A

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Description author/s: 
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