P-G (Guimarães) Arquivo Municipal Alfredo Pimenta N 099

N 099

P-G N 099

Source type
Subcategory of source
Document type
13th cent.
The fragment is now in such a poor condition that it is only the comparison with E-Tc 44.1 that allowed the identification of the liturgical feast and chants on fol. A. Indeed, the same chants found on fol. A can be found in the same liturgical order in E-Tc 44.1 for 'Hilarii'. Despite the similarity between these two sources, the comparison showed enough textual variants to suggest that the feasts were copied from different models. The chants on fol. B are usually sung for 'Agnetis' in other sources. The comparison with E-Tc 44.1 showed again some similarities but not an exact correspondence between the choice of chants in the two sources. However, chants on fol. B match the chants for 'Agnetis' in P-BRs (Braga) Arquivo da Sé Ms. 028, which is an early 16th-century Antiphoner for the Cathedral of Braga following the Aquitanian use ('Agnetis' on fols. 23v-27v http://pemdatabase.eu/source/4547). The feast 'Hilarii' is absent from P-BRs Ms. 028.
Description of the notation

The axis of the notation is slightly slanted to the right. Medium size neumes. Red line. Custodes. The difference between a lozenge and a more or less square punctum is not always clearly defined. A complicating factor in reading the mode of the chants is the fact that the lozenge is not used consistently. The lozenge was used either isolated or as part of a descending pattern of two or more notes on one syllable. There are two consecutive lozenges forming a clivis on fol. Br, right column, first line, over ‘me’.

Condition of document

Non-central bifolium fragment currently used as book cover. The external cover (fols. Ar - Bv) is in poor condition and the chants are almost unreadable.

Page layout

Two columns per page.


The office for St. Hilary of Poitiers found in this fragment is quite rare and it appears to have had a relatively small distribution. For a discussion on another Iberian fragment which contains the beginning of the same office see Kathleen E. Nelson, ‘Observations on an Early Twelfth-Century Antiphoner Fragment at Toledo’, in Concordis Modulationis Ordo Ismael Fernández de la Cuesta In Honorem, Robert Stevenson and Emilio Rey Garcia (eds.), Inter-American Music Review, 17 (2007), 17-24.

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