P-Gms (Guimarães) Sociedade Martins Sarmento SL 11-2-4 (olim Arquivo 20)

SL 11-2-4 (olim Arquivo 20)
Name of the source

P-Gms SL 11-2-4 (olim Arquivo 20)

Source type
Document type
c. 1580-1590

St. Matthew´s Passion (ff. 1-19v) alternating 3-voice polyphonic sections and monophony; St. Mark´s Passion (ff. 21-32); St. Luke´s Passion (ff. 32v-42); St. John´s Passion (ff. 42v-53) alternating 3-voice polyphonic sections and monophony; Paschal Proclamation Exultet (ff. 53v-57); Lamentations for Maundy Thursday (ff. 57v-63); id, Holy Friday (ff. 63v-68), id, Holy Saturday (ff. 68v-74); Benedictus for 4 voices (ff. 74-76); Miserere mei (ff. 76v-77) for 4 voices; textless responsories, probably I[n monte oliveti], O[mnes amici mei] and S[icut ovis], for 4 voices (ff. 78v-82); Litany for the dead Jesu redemptor (83v-84r) for 4 voices; seemingly autograph anonymous polyphonic sketches of Miserere mei (f. 85v) and antiphon Amplius lava me (f. 85v and final guard-leaf).

Type of script
Type of notation
Description of the notation

White mensural notation used for both monophonic and polyphonic passages; black mensural notation used for the intonation of the Benedictus.


Gold initials or initials with gold background, with phytomorphic and vegetable motifs. The P capital for the monophonic Passion according to St Matthew includes both floral and anthropomorphic motifs.

Condition of document

Good; denouncing plenty of use and some insect drilling.

Page layout

242x345 mm; 1 column 190x 283mm, limited by triple edging: a larger one, in sepia, between two red ones.


Contains: 87 folios, numbered 79+90+[5]; folio 20 is missing. Late foliation, with mistakes: one folio, between pp. 61 and 62, is unnumbered (numbered in PEM "61x1"); there are two leafs numbered 64 (the second one, 64[bis], numbered in PEM "64x1") and an unnumbered leaf between 64[bis] and 65 (numbered in PEM "64x2"). Fol. 80 was erroneously identified as nr. 90. Five unnumbered leafs at the end, plus an unruled folio serving as guard-leaf; stubs of eight missing folios. The foliation partly disappeared with the present binding due to the trimming of the upper margin.


a, b, c, d (4ff, 2bff), e (3 ff), f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o, p, q, r, s, t, u, v (4ff, 2bff).

The kind of paper used here, of Italian origin (watermark with an eagle within a circle and a crown above; first found in Rome 1573) is also found in P-Cug MM 0033, from Santa Cruz de Coimbra. Former call number crossed out: 44-8-5. Sixteenth-century copyists: A; B (ff. 78v-82); seventeenth-century hands: C (ff. 83v-84r), D (fol. 85v and final guard-leaf)

CARDOSO, José Maria Pedrosa, 'Guimarães quinhentista no circuito musical dos crúzios', Revista de Guimarães, vol. 113/114, 2003-2004, pp. 219-30; id., O Canto da Paixão nos séculos XVI e XVII: A Singularidade Portuguesa, Coimbra: Imprensa da Universidade de Coimbra, 2006, pp. 35-60, 330-54, 454-63, 472-73, 541-60; id., O Passionário Polifónico de Guimarães, Guimarães: Sociedade Martins Sarmento, 2013 (study, facsimile and musical transcription, with audio CD). FERREIRA, Manuel Pedro (coord.), Harmonias do céu e da terra: A música nos manuscritos de Guimarães (séculos XII-XVII) / Harmonies of Heaven and Earth: The music in the manuscripts of Guimarães (12th-17th centuries), Lisboa-Guimarães: CESEM, 2012, pp. 60-61.

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